The MIASU contributes to scholarly research on the region through its collections and publications:
- Small specialist library of books on Inner Asia in many languages housed in the Unit
- The Lattimore collection of English language materials housed at the library of the Faculty of Asian and Middle Eastern Studies.
- Peer reviewed journal ‘Inner Asia’
- Inner Asia Series of monographs
- PhD dissertations related to Inner Asia
- Archive of MacArthur project 1991–5 on environmental and cultural conservation in Inner Asia.
- Recently acquired collection of books on Kalmykia
- Small collections of maps, photographs and remotely sensed images