Lunchtime seminar – 6 March – Sanchir Jargalsaikhan

February 26th, 2018 by anna.c
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Mond Building Seminar Room, Free School Lane, Cambridge CB2 3RF

Tuesday 6 March 2018, 1.00–2.00

Sanchir Jargalsaikhan

Visiting Scholar, University College London

Constitutionalism and governance in contemporary Mongolia:
Case of Constitutional amendment

The evolution of modern (1992) Mongolian constitutionalism has been multifaceted and contradictory. Having evolved through a simultaneous need to negate the socialist past and embrace the new global present, the contemporary Mongolian constitutional system exhibits a strong adherence to the limitation of authority (liberal-democratic) while mostly eschewing developmental/social role of the state bar some formalistic expressions. Part I of this article considers fundamental aspects of constitutionalism and governance that have been neglected or have not been articulated well in public discourse. I contend that while it is appropriate to look at the constitutional system as a limited (negative i.e. in Isaiah Berlin sense) mechanism to secure balance of powers, public accountability and good governance, there remain other structural dimensions that are largely ignored. The widespread practice of evaluating the constitution prospectively must be replaced by more critical scholarship that inspects existing constitutional machinery in work. Looking beyond the constitutional text to all those aspects of the normative order (i.e. sector laws, international treaties, court decisions and other mechanisms) that performs different constitutional roles will give us a fuller and critical perspective about evolution of the constitutional order. Part II discusses both implied and explicit narratives surrounding the current discussion and debates around the issue of Constitutional amendment. Multiple documents, speeches, debates and articles will be scrutinized in order to clarify competing narratives about the meaning and function of the Constitution; its development and evolution, people’s perception about the state and its role as well as views concerning the legitimacy of the current ruling class and its ability to push through an amendment. I argue that supposedly neutral technocratic discourse surrounding the Amendment process is being used to depoliticize the process and hence, to keep the status quo of the current socio-political regime. While some view general disinterest and apathy to the amendment process as negation of politics, I view it as more of a resistance. This type of passive resistance is grounded on a suspicion that governance is exercised beyond or “around” the states’ constitutional confines through either supranational or domestic private channels.

Library catalogue now online

February 23rd, 2018 by anna.c
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The contents of the MIASU library are now available in pdf format here:

www.innerasiaresearch.org/books/library-database/

 

MIASU LIBRARY CATALOGUE

Seminar – 6 March – Saranzaya Manalsuren

February 20th, 2018 by anna.c
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ALL WELCOME

Tuesday 6 March 2018

4.30–6.00 Mond Building Seminar Room

Saranzaya Manalsuren

South Bank University, London

Interdisciplinary Interpretation of ‘Heritage-Locality’ among Business Practitioners in Contemporary Mongolia

The ‘heritage-locality’, or the concept of ‘nutag’ has been theorised as a focal point to understand the identities of Mongols in the literature of cultural anthropology. However, previous studies focused on contextualising identity construction, political activities and pasture management with rich empirical narratives.

This paper examines the concept of ‘nutag’ from the perspective of indigenous management theories and provides an interdisciplinary approach to unravel the shared-meaning of locality among managing practitioners in contemporary Mongolia.

This research examines local managers’ understanding of being a manager and managing effectively, by investigating the nature of Mongolian managers’ roles and their actual experience of handling public and private entities under the great economic and political changes since the country’s transition from a socialist to a democratic regime from 1990 until 2016. Specifically, it examines the common attributes of the ‘heritage-locality’ in their day-to- day management practices and explains the shared-meaning of the concept of ‘nutag’ among local business practitioners. Furthermore, this research proposes that ‘nutag’ can be identified as one of the indigenous management tools utilised to manage effectively in contemporary Mongolia.

This paper is based on my PhD project, using a qualitative method of shadowing 3 managers and interviewing 30 local and international managers in Mongolia (summer 2014 and 2015).

Lunchtime seminar – 20 February – Badruun Gardi

February 15th, 2018 by anna.c
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Mond Building Seminar Room, Free School Lane, Cambridge CB2 3RF

Tuesday 20 February 2018, 1.00–2.00

Badruun Gardi

GerHub NGO, Ulaanbaatar

Settled Ger: Bringing Innovation to the Ger Districts of Ulaanbaatar 

There are close to 100,000 gers in Ulaanbaatar. Though perfect for a nomadic lifestyle, gers are ill-suited for sedentary living, especially in the coldest capital city in the world. The ger’s low thermal mass and insufficient insulation require urban ger residents to burn large amounts of unrefined coal to survive the winter months. This has become a financial burden for the households and a public health catastrophe for the city. Ulaanbaatar has become one of the most air polluted cities in the world, with winter PM2.5 levels 40 times higher than the WHO recommended amount.

This talk aims to present some of the innovative work being done in the ger districts to address air pollution and other key issues. I will talk about the opportunities for large-scale impact and the need to attract international stakeholders as well as the potential consequences of inaction.

Badruun Gardi is founder and CEO of GerHub, a nonprofit social enterprise that develops innovative and affordable products to improve the living environment for ger district residents of Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia. 

Seminar – 20 February – Nicola Scardigno

February 8th, 2018 by anna.c
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ALL WELCOME

Tuesday 20 February 2018

4.30–6.00 Mond Building Seminar Room

Nicola Scardigno

Polytechnic of Bari

Definition of a Tool for Landscapes’ Systemic-Scalar Reading: Classification Hypothesis of the Mongolian Landscapes

With respect to multiple theories and interpretations within which the ‘concept of landscape’ oscillates, this research attempts to re-define the notion, bringing it back to the original condition of the man-nature relation: sort of first derivative of the interaction between the being (man) and the entity (reality). In the effort to trace the cultural origins of the issue, the attempt is to link the matter to a paradigm of thought linked to a dimension constituting man, his awareness. Hence the need to consider the implications that each landscape reality embodies and consequent need to decipher its complexity, by systematizing knowledge through the progressive identification of relations between components (nature, culture, society, economy) and scalar level of complexity concerning the landscape itself. In other words, an attempt is made to formulate a unifying cognitive-evaluation of the concept of landscape by defining an analysis tool of logic-classification type, aiming at the phenomenological-synthetic reading of all elements making up a landscape reality with the purpose to steer relative design choices with awareness.
The application-experimental field of the research is the territory of Mongolia. A land with a vast, multi-faceted, apparently little anthropized, whose essence and balance are based on a silent and constant interaction process between environmental, social-economic and settlement conditions based on the co-existence between permanent and non-permanent culture.